Chief Minister appointed | Position | Powers and Functions- all information
How is the Chief Minister in a state appointed?
According article the Chief Minister Shall be appointed by the Governor. However this does not mean that the Governor is free to appoint any one as the Chief Ministers.
The Governor has to appoint the leader majority party or coalition in the state Legislative Assembly as Chief Minister.
The Governor appoints Chief Minister on his discretion when no party has a clear-cut majority in the State Legislative Assembly, such person should be capable of proving the majority in the State Legislative Assembly. The Chief Minister is that the head of the Council of Ministers.
Qualification of Chief Minister
A member of either house of the State Legislature is eligible to become Chief Minister. if a person is not a member of either house of the legislature during the time of appointment as Chief Minister, he must become a member of either house of legislature within the period of 6 months otherwise, he must resign.
Tenure of Chief Minister
The tenure of Chief Minister is not fixed and be holds office during the pleasure of the Governor. He can resign any time by giving his resignation to the Governor. After his resignation, the Council of Ministers ceases to exist automatically.
Powers and Functions of Chief Minister
Some powers and functions of a Chief Minister are as follows
☆ Formation of Council of Minster- The Governor appoints only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Chief Minister.
☆ Allocation of Portfolios- He allocates for the reshuffles the portfolios among the ministers.
☆ Policy Making- He determines policies for the governance of the state. Power of Appointment The officers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of Chief Minister, such as Advocate General, Vice-Chancellor, Chairman and members of State Public Service Commission.
☆ Co-ordination of Departments- Chief Minister works as a co-ordinator, so that all the departments of the state works as a unit.
☆ Head of Administrative System- Constitutionally, the Governor is the head of administrative system, but practically the Chief Minister is the real head of the administrative system.
☆ Head of Cabinet- The Chief Minister is the head of state cabinet. If a minister disagrees with Chief Minister, he has to resign from the office.
☆ Leader of Vidhan Sabha– The Chief Minister is the leader of Vidhan Sabha. lie is the authoritative spokesperson of the government in both the houses.
☆ Advisor to Governor- The Chief Minister acts as a bridge between the Governor and the Council of Ministers. He communicates to the Governor of all decision of Coincil of Minister related to administration of the state. He advices to the Governor to dissolve the assembly.
Position of Chief Minister
The position of Chief Minister is most significant in state’s governance. Administrative system of the state revolves around him . It is duty to bring the problems of state before the centre and to run the administrative machinery in co-ordination with other ministers.
Many elements control his powers, e.g. control of Central Government, constitutional limits, fear of opposition and the people.
Position of Chief Minister in state’s governance can be clarified from following points
☆ All the ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advise of the Chief Minister. He may ask any minister to resign. On his advice, the Governor can remove a minister.
☆ Chief Minister is the head and leader of e Council of Ministers. He presides over the meetings and activities the Council of Ministers.
☆ He communicates to the Governor of all the decisions of the Vidhan Sabha and clarifies the policies of the government to the Governor. He acts as a channel between the Governor and the Council of Ministers.