Consequences and events of England Revolution
What is England (Glorious) Revolution ?
England’s revolution was the first political revolution in the world history. This was completely a bloodless revolution and it is also called ‘Glorious Revolution’ in the history of England, in which not a single incidence of bloodshed was recorded. This revolution took place in AD 1688, at the time of James II. After the death of Charles II in AD 1685, James II ascended the thorne of England.
Consequence of the England Revolution
This revolution of England had a far-reaching and widespread impact on the history of the world, which are following
Abolition of Divine Rights of the King
Before this revolution, all the powers were vested in the hands of emperor and he had been enjoying the divine rights of the king. After this revolution, the post of the king depends on the will of the people and not on the divine right.
• Restrictions on the King’s Autocracy
The British Parliament passed the Bill of Right in AD 1689. With this, restrictions were imposed on the autocracy of the king. It was also ensured that followers of Roman Catholic religion will not become the ruler of England in future, but only the person following protestant religion will become the ruler of England.
• Establishment of the Supremacy of the Parliament: After the success of the Glorious Revolution of England, the supremacy of the Parliament was established.
• Establishment of Independent Judiciary: After the success of the Glorious Revolution in England, independent judiciary system was introduced there. Thus, the judges worked independently without any control of the king.
• Trend of Revolutions in Europe: The people got inspiration from the success of this revolution and trend of revolutions began in many European countries.
• Development of Parliamentary Rule of England: Parliamentary form of the government developed with rapid pace in England during 19th century. In this context, the first reform act was passed in AD 1832 under which people got voting rights. In 1918, women also got voting rights.
• End of Conflict between King and Parliament After the Glorious Revolution, conflict between king and Parliament ended. As a result, the economic development began in England with a rapid pace.
• Hostility between England and France Due to the dominance of Catholic religion in England during the reign of James II, it had a friendly relations with France. But, with the approval of protestant religion, hostility arised between England and France.
Events of the England’s Revolution
The Catholic favoured policy of England’s king James II had created an atmosphere of revolution in the country. Most of the leaders of the country were protestant supporters. On 5th November. 1688 the leaders of the country invited Holland’s Protestant King William Ill (son-in law of James II) to accept the crown of England. William reached England on 15th November, 1688 with his army. King James II escaped to France with his family after seeing the public excitement. On his escape, Parliament jointly conferred Protestant king of Hanover dynasty William III (William of Orange) and his wife Merry (daughter of James II) to the throne. In this way, the Parliament became victorious and the Bloodless Revolution became’ successful.