Explain the powers and functions of Lok Sabha Speaker
The speaker is the most, important conventional and ceremonial head of the Lok Sabha . Within the walls of the Lower House , his authority is supreme. Most salient feature of his office is his impartiality. He is expected to wield his authority with the cold neutrality of the impartial judge.
His impartiality is ensured by the provision that he would remain above party consideration and that he would vote only on case of a tie . He is expected to discharge his functions with the sense of justice and fairness and his judgements and rulings should be sound uninfluenced by passion or prejudice. Article 93 provides for speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the people.
Power of the Speaker
As the Chief Presiding Officer of the popularly elected Lok Sabha, the speaker has been entrusted with a lot of powers in the constitution and the rules of the house. He is the spokesperson of the house and to the house, he is the custodian of the privileges and communities of the house and it’s members. He is the ex-officio President of the Indian Paliamentary Group and the Head of the Lok Sabha Secretariat. Finally, he is the absolute judge of the admissibility of all bills, resolution, motions and questions. Nobody can speak prior to his permission and everybody has to address chair before taking the turn to speak.
Do You Know ?
In the 1990s Indian politics witnessed a strange scenario where no single political party was able to win majority 2/3rd Hence, several parties came together and formed an alliance to form a government at the center. This was a period off ‘huge Parliament where elections for Lok Sabha took place thrice within a span of the years.
Speaker as the Presiding Officer
Speaker perform the following function as the Presiding Officer
☆ The house commences it’s sitting when the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker or a Chairman is on the chair. He presides over the houses throughout his team of the office expect when a resolution for his own removal is under consideration.
☆ As the Chief Presiding Office of the house, he fixes the hour of the commencement or termination of a sitting and determines the time when a sitting of the houses is adjourned, to a particular day or a part of the same day.
☆ In consultation with the leader of the house and the Business Advisory Committee, he determines the order of government business.
☆ It is he who determines if a bill is a money Bill and in that respect his decision is final. He also decideds the admissibility of the resolution and motions. He also determines whether a motion of no-confidence in the Council of Ministers is in order.
☆ He also empowered to select amendments in relation to bills and motions and can refuse to allow a member to move an amendment, if he thinks it is unwarranted. Finally, his opinion and content is final in determining whether a motion to adjourn the house or to postpone its regular business for discussing a matter of urgent public importance.
☆ The speaker nominate panel of chairperson/speaker from the members. No members of the house can participate in discussion or move on proposal without his consent.
He can stop any member from speaking. The rules relating to asking and answering of the questions depends upon the interpretation of the speaker. He has a very large discretion in the matter.
☆ He may cut short or increase the question hours. He may ignore the condition of the notice period for the question and may permit a question to be asked at a short notice.It is he who decides whether a question deserve a written or an oral answer. He may also allow half an hour discussion on matter arising from reply to the question.
☆ The speaker regulates the debates and proceedings of the house. Even at the secret sittings,which is held at the request of the leader of the house, the speaker determines the manners of reporting, the proceedings and the procedure to be adopted on such occasion.
☆ The speaker proposes question for the consideration of the house and puts them for their vote.
☆ He determines what method of voting would be adopted and it is he who announces the results. If anything happens against the rules of the house and a point of order is raised to point out and correct them, then it is he who determines the point of order and gives his decision.
☆ In the event of joint session of the two houses of Parliament, the speaker presides. In that case, his decision, rulings and interpretations one matters before that joint session are final.