India Forgine policy Non-Alignment – Infotecstudy
What is Non – Alignment ?
Non-Alignment to take one’s own decisions without any external influences, without joining any group of superpowers. After Second World War, most of the countries got divided into two military groups: one under USA and another under USSR. After independence, India decided not to join any of these groups and the then Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru presented the Policy of Non-Alignment before the world community, which was supported by Indonesian President Ahmad Sukarno, Egyptian President Colonel Nasser and Yugoslavian President Marshal Tito, they are called quartet of NAM. This movement was started in Belgrade (The capital of Ugoslavia) in 1961.
Some Principles of Non-Alignment
following are the Principles of non-alignment
• To keep away from power blocs and not to indulge in any treaty with them.
• To determine independent foreign policy.
• To oppose imperialism and colonialism.
Non-Alignment in India
India has played a significant role in NAM (Non-Alignment Movement). NAM has remained the main principle of India’s Foreign Policy. Pandit Nehru considered it as medium of peace and disarmament. He once said that “To tie with a country is to loose self respect and to disrespect own valuable policy.” Through this policy, he proposed to keep away from those political groups to a possible extent which have remained against each other and which have been responsible for war in past and they could be destructive in future.
Indira Gandhi too carried forward the Policy of Non-Alignment after Nehru. In 1981, Indira Gandhi told in an address that non-alignment is a policy in itself, this is not only an aim, but the objective behind it is to protect decisive liberty. true faith of nation and fundamental interests. Non-alignment is a philosophy of human behaviour, there is no scope for the use of force to solve problems in it. The significance of non-alignment will be same for tomorrow as it is today. During the tenure of Rajiv Gandhi, the Non-Alignment Movement got strengthened. He expressed strong determination to make it effective.
By going on path of non-alignment, India speaks without any pressure as he has been supported by the voice of two- third non-aligned countries. During its 9th Summit, he told the world community that the NAM could only be dynamic when it moves on those principles which were promised in 1961 in its 1st Summit. In later time, P V Narasirnha Rao, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Dr Manmohan Singh and Narendra Modi have expressed their faith in non-alignment. Although, Cold War has ended and many powers are emerging in world, but the significance of NAM is growing and the number of its members is increasing.
Significancy in Present World
Whether NAM is relevant or not is a big question. According to the critics, NAM is no longer relevant because of the changed international environment, from bi-polar to uni-polar and now to multipolar. For them the purpose for which it was created is over now, therefore, it should be dissolved.
But one cannot ignore the relevance that NAM can have in current scenario. NAM is becoming significant in this, the number of member countries of NAM has grown upto 120. These countries can fight together to bring reforms in United Nations, climate change, terrorism etc. It has also become strong platform for presenting multiple views. Thus, India should not hesitate to follow this, because India is also facing the aforesaid problems.
What do you understand by NAM ? Should India follow it in present time?
- Non-Alignment means to develop an independent foreign policy without joining any power blocs. Changes in global politics and growing membership of NAM proves that it is significant event today. It provides a strong platform especially for developing countries. Thus, India should follow it events today.
S.NO. Year City 1 September, 1961 Belgrade 2 October, 1964 Cario 3 September, 1970 Lusaka 4 September, 1973 Algeria 5 August, 1976 Colombo 6 September, 1979 Hawana 7 March, 1983 New Delhi 8 September, 1986 Harare 9 September, 1989 Belgrade 10 September, 1992 Jakarta 12 September, 1995 Cartagena-de-Indias 13 September, 1998 Durban 14 September, 2003 Kuala Lumpur 15 September, 2006 Hawana 16 September, 2009 Sharp Elsheikh 17 September, 2013 Tehran 18 July, 2016 Karakash