Power and function of Prime Minister of India in point | class 9,10,11 and 12
The post of Prime Minister is most significant in Parliamentary System of Government, because the President is nominal head while the real power is vested in the hands of the Prime Minister. (Power and function Prime Minister) .He constitute the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers ceases to exist if the Prime Minister resigns or vacates his office.
Powers & functions of the Prime Minister in points
(i) Constituting Council of Ministers
After taking his oath the most significant work of the Prime Minister is to constitute the Council of Ministers. According to 91st Amendment Act of 2003, the total number of ministers shall not exceed 15% of total strength of Parliament. .
(ii) Distribution of Portfolios
After constituting Council of Ministers, he allocates departments to the ministers of the council. He constitutes the cabinet on his discretion. He reshuffles portfolios among the ministers.
(iii) To Preside Over Meetings
He presides over the meetings and activities of the Council of Ministers.
(iv) Chief Manager of Administration
He is the head and authoritative manager of Indian administration.
(v) Coordinator of department
He coordinates with all the departments, so that all the departments might work as an unit. He may also interfere in the work of other ministries.
(vi) Manager of Foreign Policies
The position of Indian Prime Minister is most significant in foreign arena, whether foreign ministry is with him or not, the ultimate decision regarding foreign affairs is taken by him. He also participates in international conferences and shares his ideas, on international platform.
(vii) Head of the Cabinet
The head of cabinet is Prime Minister Hence, the Council of Ministers ceases to exist if his office gets vacant in any case (death or resignation).
(viii) Channel of Communication between the Council of Ministers and the Presidents
consistent with Article 78, it’s the duty of the Prime Minister to talk to the President regarding all decisions of the Council of Ministers concerning the administration of the affairs of the union and proposals for legislation.
(ix) As a Leader of the House of People
He is appointed by the President as a leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha. He declares the policies of the government in the Parliament and answers all the significant questions raised.
Thus, we can say that the position of Prime Minister is most significant in Indian Parliamentary system.
Process of Appointment
According to Article 75 (1) of the Constitution that the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President. However this does not imply that the is free to appoint any one as the Prime Minister. The President appoints as Prime Minister, a person having leadership of the party with majority.
Generally member of either House of the Parliament is appointed as a Prime Minister. But an individual who isn’t a member of either House of Parliament also can be appointed as a major Minister provided he becomes a member of Parliament within the amount of 6 months. If he fails to do go,he must resign from his office. According to Article 75 (2) a minister holds his office during the pleasure of the President. Hence, Prime Minister holds his office during the pleasure of the President, but practically, he holds his office till the time he has the confidence of the Lok Sahha. Generally, Prime Minister holds his office from the date of his appointment till the formation of new Council of Ministers. anyway he may leave his office whenever by tending to his abdication to the President.
Position of the Prime Minister in India
The position of Indian Prime Minister in Indian administration is determined by his power and functions. All the executive powers has been given to the President by the Constitution which is used by him with the help of ‘Council of Ministers’. The Prime Minister is the head of Council of Minister Hence, he is the supreme authority of Indian administration. (Power and function of Prime Minister)